Bosnia and Herzegovina is a country in South-Eastern Europe, on the Balkan Peninsula. It borders Croatia to the north, west and south, Serbia to the East and Montenegro to the southeast. The largest group of its population are Muslim Slavs, descendants of Christian Bosnians who accepted Islam some 500 years ago. They constitute 40 percent of the population and most of them follow the Hanafi school of thought. Sufism remains an important element in the Bosnian culture while Shi’a Islam has a few hundred followers spread across the country.